Past Seminars by Series

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2019
Fri Dec 13

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
TBATBA
Fri Dec 06

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
TBATBA
Fri Nov 29

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
TBATBA
Fri Nov 22

Special Events and Seminars

3:30pm - Vincent Hall 20
Mass Scale Image Analysis For Automated Plant Phenotyping and Classification via Machine Learning
Riley O'Neill, University of St. Thomas

The capacity to quantify crop architecture and morphology is foundational to the development of higher yielding cultivars via hybridization and genetic engineering. However, at the mass scale required by the science, manual plant phenotyping with physical instruments is arduous, time consuming, subjective, and a leading cause of undergraduate burnout in the UMN plant genetics department. While the process has been slightly improved with manual image analysis, such is almost as time consuming and remains subject to human error. Thereby, in efforts to further expedite phenotyping processes, circumvent human error, and provide more detailed analyses, we aim to completely automate plant phenotyping processes for the UMN plant genetics department and beyond. Working from over 15,000 soybean plants, we’ve advanced robust image processing platforms for measuring petiole and stem length, leaf area, leaf shape via signature curves, and branch angles via energy minimization in 2D, and begun preliminary work at 3D reconstructions from 2D data for 3D branch angles and further analyses. After data extraction and verification, we plan to implement clustering algorithms and machine learning to automatically group plant phenotypes as well as conduct principal component analysis to assemble an allometry space and identify the primary genes of influence.

Fri Nov 22

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
TBATBA
Fri Nov 15

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
TBATBA
Fri Nov 08

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
Steven SperberSteven Sperber
Fri Nov 01

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
p-Adic Banach Spaces and Completely Continuous Endomorphisms
Steven SperberSteven Sperber
Fri Oct 25

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
TBATBA
Fri Oct 18

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
Trace Formula, continued
Steven Sperber, University of Minnesota
Fri Oct 11

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
Trace Formula (continued)
Steven Sperber, University of Minnesota
Fri Oct 04

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"Trace Formula, I"
Steven Sperber, University of Minnesota
Fri Sep 27

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
A p-adic analytic interpolation of a finite field character, II
Steven Sperber, University of Minnesota
Fri Sep 20

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
A p-adic analytic interpolation of a finite field character
Steven Sperber, University of Minnesota
Fri Sep 13

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 213
"p-Adic Cohomology, Exponential Sums, and Hypergeometric Functions
TBATBA
Mon Jun 10

Special Events and Seminars

1:30pm - Vincent Hall 364
Basic Operations on Representations
Andy HardtAndy Hardt

We continue our crash course in finite group representation theory by looking at some important operations on representations.

We start by defining the group algebra of a finite group; group representations naturally biject with modules over the group algebra.

After that, we'll talk through a variety of ways to construct new representations from old, such as restriction, induction, inflation, tensor product, and we may even squeeze in symmetric and exterior powers.

Wed Jun 05

Special Events and Seminars

2:00pm - Vincent Hall 570
AWM Talk
Mimi BoutinMimi Boutin
Wed May 29

Special Events and Seminars

1:30pm - Vincent Hall 206
Informal Fluids Seminar
Raj BeekieRaj Beekie
Tue May 14

Special Events and Seminars

3:30pm - Vincent Hall 570
Singularity formation for some solutions of the incompressible Euler equation
Tarek ElgindiTarek Elgindi

We describe a recent construction of self-similar blow-up solutions of the incompressible Euler equation. A consequence of the construction is that there exist finite-energy $C^{1,a}$ solutions to the Euler equation which develop a singularity in finite time for some range of $a>0$. The approach we follow is to isolate a simple non-linear equation which encodes the leading order dynamics of solutions to the Euler equation in some regimes and then prove that the simple equation has stable self-similar blow-up solutions.

Tue Apr 23

Special Events and Seminars

3:30pm - Vincent Hall 364
Vortex filaments in the 3D Navier-Stokes equations
Jacob Bedrossian, Maryland

We consider solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in 3d with vortex filament initial data of arbitrary circulation, that is, initial vorticity given by a divergence-free vector-valued measure of arbitrary strength supported on a smooth curve. First, we prove global well-posedness for perturbations of the Oseen vortex column in scaling-critical spaces. Second, we prove local well-posedness (in a sense to be made precise) when the filament is a smooth, closed, non-self-intersecting curve. Besides their physical interest as a model for the coherent vortex filament structures observed in 3d fluids, these results are the first to give well-posedness (in a certain sense) in a neighborhood of large self-similar solutions of 3d Navier-Stokes, as well as solutions which are locally approximately self-similar. Joint work with Pierre Germain and Benjamin Harrop-Griffiths.

Thu Apr 11

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Vincent Hall 570
Informal Fluids Seminar with the speaker Samuel Punshon-Smith
Samuel Punshon-SmithSamuel Punshon-Smith
Wed Apr 10

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Vincent Hall 213
Arithmetic level raising for unitary groups and Beilinson-Bloch-Kato conjecture (II)
Yifeng Liu, Yale University

In this series of two talks, we will introduce the recent progress on Beilinson-Bloch-Kato conjecture for Rankin-Selberg motives of arbitrary rank. We will discuss an important technique used in the proof, namely, the arithmetic level raising for unitary groups of even rank. We will also mention other interesting results we obtained during the course of proof. This is based on a joint work with Y. Tian, L. Xiao, W. Zhang, and X. Zhu

Tue Apr 09

Special Events and Seminars

11:00am - Vincent Hall 213
Arithmetic level raising for unitary groups and Beilinson-Bloch-Kato conjecture (I)
Yifeng Liu, Yale University

In this series of two talks, we will introduce the recent progress on Beilinson-Bloch-Kato conjecture for Rankin-Selberg motives of arbitrary rank. We will discuss an important technique used in the proof, namely, the arithmetic level raising for unitary groups of even rank. We will also mention other interesting results we obtained during the course of proof. This is based on a joint work with Y. Tian, L. Xiao, W. Zhang, and X. Zhu.

Fri Mar 15

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Vincent Hall 1
Mathematical Physics, Algebraic Geometry, and Commutative Algebra
Nadia OttNadia Ott
Thu Mar 14

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 113
Nearby cycles over general bases and duality
Weizhe Zheng, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Princeton University

Over one-dimensional bases, Gabber and Beilinson proved theorems on the commutation of the nearby cycle functor and the vanishing cycle functor with duality. In this talk, I will explain a way to unify the two theorems, confirming a prediction of Deligne. I will also discuss the case of higher-dimensional bases and applications to local acyclicity, following suggestions of Illusie and Gabber. This is joint work with Qing Lu.

Tue Mar 12

Special Events and Seminars

11:00am - Vincent 213
Compatible systems along the boundary
Weizhe Zheng, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Princeton University

A theorem of Deligne says that compatible systems of l-adic sheaves on a smooth curve over a finite field are compatible along the boundary. I will present an extension of Deligne's theorem to schemes of finite type over the ring of integers of a local field. This has applications to the equicharacteristic case of some conjectures on l-independence. I will also discuss the relationship with compatible wild ramification. This is joint work with Qing Lu.

Fri Feb 15

Special Events and Seminars

3:35pm - Vincent Hall 313
Fontaine-Mazur conjecture in the residually reducible case (II)
Lue Pan, University of Chicago

We prove the modularity of some two-dimensional residually reducible p-adic Galois representations over Q when p is at least 5. In the first talk, I will present a generalization of Emerton's local-global compatibility result. In the second talk, I will use this compatibility result to make a patching argument for completed homology in this setting.

Thu Feb 14

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 113
Fontaine-Mazur conjecture in the residually reducible case (I)
Lue Pan, University of Chicago

We prove the modularity of some two-dimensional residually reducible p-adic Galois representations over Q when p is at least 5. In the first talk, I will present a generalization of Emerton's local-global compatibility result. In the second talk, I will use this compatibility result to make a patching argument for completed homology in this setting.

2018
Mon Dec 10

Special Events and Seminars

3:35pm - Vincent Hall 207
Optimal transport on graphs with Applications
Wuchen LiWuchen Li

In recent years, optimal transport has many applications in evolutionary dynamics, statistics, and machine learning. In this talk, we introduce dynamical optimal transport on finite graphs. We proposed to study the probability simplex as a Riemannian manifold with a Wasserstein metric. We call it a probability manifold. Various developments, especially the Fokker-Planck equation, will be introduced. The entropy production on graphs related to Shannon entropy will be established. Its connection with Fisher information and Yano’s formula will be studied. Many examples, including Mean field games, geometry of graphs, statistical learning problems, will be presented.

Thu Dec 06

Special Events and Seminars

11:00am - Tate Hall B20
p-adic local systems in p-adic geometry
Koji Shimizu, University of California, Berkeley

An etale p-adic local system on a rigid analytic variety can be regarded as a family of p-adic Galois representations parametrized by the variety, and p-adic Hodge theory has brought many results and applications on such objects, including a p-adic Riemann-Hilbert correspondence by Diao, Lan, Liu and Zhu. I will discuss constancy of a key invariant (generalized Hodge-Tate weights) of general p-adic local systems

Mon Nov 26

Special Events and Seminars

3:35pm - Vincent Hall 207
Inverse transport theory and related applications
Ru-Yu Lai, University of Minnesota

The inverse transport problem consists of reconstructing the optical properties of a medium from boundary measurements. It finds applications in a variety of fields. In particular, radiative transfer equation (a linear transport equation) models the photon propagation in a medium in optical tomography. In this talk I will address results on the determination of these optical parameters. Moreover, the connection between the inverse transport problem and the Calderon problem will also be presented.

Thu Nov 08

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 313
Irreducible components of affine Deligne--Lusztig varieties and orbital integrals
Rong Zhou, Institute for Advanced Study

Affine Deligne--Lusztig varieties (ADLV) naturally arise in the study of Shimura varieties and Rapoport--Zink spaces. Their irreducible components provide an interesting class of cycles on the special fiber of Shimura varieties. We prove a conjecture of Miaofen Chen and Xinwen Zhu, which relates the number of irreducible components of ADLV's to a certain weight multiplicity for a representation of the Langlands dual group. Our approach is to count the number of F_q points as q goes to infinity; this boils down to computing a certain twisted orbital integral. After applying techniques from local harmonic analysis, we reduce to computing a particular coefficient of the matrix for the inverse Satake transform. Using an interpretation of this coefficient in terms of a q-analogue of Kostant's partition function, we are able to reduce the problem to the previously known special cases of the conjecture proved by Hamacher--Viehmann and Nie. This is joint work with Yihang Zhu.

Thu Oct 04

Special Events and Seminars

1:25pm - Vincent Hall 313
The Langlands-Kottwitz-Scholze method for Shimura varieties of abelian type
Alex Youcis, University of California, Berkeley

The local (and global) Langlands conjectures attempt to bridge the major areas of harmonic analysis and number theory by forming a correspondence between representations which naturally appear in both areas. A key insight due to Langlands and Kottwitz is that one could attempt to understand such a conjectural correspondence by comparing the traces of natural operators on both sides of the bridge. Moreover, it was realized that Shimura varieties present a natural means of doing this. For global applications, questions of reduction type (at a particular prime p) for these Shimura varieties can often be avoided, and for this reason the methods of Langlands and Kottwitz focused largely on the setting of good reduction. But, for local applications dealing with the case of bad reduction is key. The setting of bad reduction was first dealt with, for some simple Shimura varieties, by Harris and Taylor which they used, together with the work of many other mathematicians, to prove the local Langlands conjecture for GL_n. A decade later Scholze gave an alternative, more geometric, way to understand the case of bad reduction for certain Shimura varieties and was able to reprove the local Langlands conjecture for GL_n. In this talk we will discuss an extension of the ideas of Scholze to a wider class of Shimura varieties, as well as the intended application of these ideas to the local Langlands conjectures for more general groups.

Thu Aug 02

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jul 31

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Thu Jul 26

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jul 24

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Thu Jul 19

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jul 17

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Thu Jul 12

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jul 10

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Thu Jul 05

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jul 03

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Thu Jun 28

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jun 26

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Thu Jun 21

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jun 19

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Thu Jun 14

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue Jun 12

Special Events and Seminars

3:00pm - Vincent Hall 301
Representation Theory Seminar
TBATBA
Tue May 01

Special Events and Seminars

8:30am - Vincent Hall 570
Senior Honors Presentations
Senior Honors PresentationsSenior Honors Presentations

8:30- 8:50, Owen Levin, working title "Approximation Algorithms for Network Connectivity," adviser
Professor Reiner
9- 9:20, Maria Gilbert, working title "Hurwitz Actions in Complex Reflection Groups", adviser Professor Reiner
9:30-9:50, Ryan Vogt, "Detection of Non-Symmetric Balanced Configurations", adviser Professor Moeckel
10-10:20, Ian McMeeking, "Computing With Noncongruence Subgroups", adviser Professor Brubaker
10:30-10:50, Bat-Orgil Batsaikhan, “Generative Capsule Network", adviser Professor Lerman.
11-11:20, Elena Hafner, “Face Structure and Volume of the Birkhoff Polytope", adviser ProfessorMusiker

Everyone welcome. Honors undergraduate math students present a short account of their work.

Thu Apr 26

Special Events and Seminars

9:00am - Vincent Hall 570
Senior Honors Presentations
Senior Honors PresentationsSenior Honors Presentations

9-9:20, Kelly Catlin, "Finding an Optimal Velocity for a Race" , adviser Professor Mori
9:30-9:50, Mark Richard, "On Random Schrodinger Operators" , adviser Professor Chen
10-10:20, Paul Aarsvold, "Manifolds and the Shape of the Universe", adviser Professor Rogness
10:30-10-50, Lucy Yang, "Quadratic operad algebras induce BV algebras," adviser Professor Voronov

Everyone welcome. Honors undergraduate math students present a short account of their work.

Tue Apr 24

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
Cyclic Groups and Partitions
Ashleigh AdamsAshleigh Adams

A partition is a way of writing n as the sum of positive integers. While working in the cyclic of the finite group order n, it is possible to partition the entire group into a fixed size such that the partitions are equivalent to 0 modulo n. Since there is a direct bijective correspondence between Young Diagrams, cyclic partitions, and Gaussian binomial coefficients, it will be show that these box-partitions can be counted by the sum of specific coefficients within the Gaussian binomial coefficients.

Tue Apr 17

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
Quivers, Representations, and Gabriel's Theorem
Nick WhiteNick White

Gabriel’s theorem states that a connected quiver has finite representation type if and only if its underlying graph has Dynkin type A, D, or E, and that for such quivers, the isoclasses of indecomposable representations are in bijection with the positive roots of the quiver’s associated quadratic form. The goal of this talk is to introduce some results that motivate Gabriel’s theorem and give an overview of the proof. Along the way, I will develop some language to talk about representations, including short exact sequences and projective resolutions.

Tue Apr 03

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
Iterative Methods for Computing Square Roots
Meir JablonMeir Jablon

We will be discussing Iterative methods for computing square roots. Methods from different historical time periods will be introduced. Also, fixed point algorithms will be discussed at length.

Thu Mar 29

Special Events and Seminars

4:45pm - Vincent Hall 364
On certain special values of L-functions associated to elliptic curves and real quadratic fields
Chung Pang Mok, Purdue University

We study certain normalized special values of L-functions associated to elliptic curves and real quadratic fields. Under certain hypothesis, we are able to show that these are squares of rational numbers. This result can be regarded as instances of the rank zero case of the Birch and Swinnerton-dyer conjecture modulo squares, and is related to a theorem of Bertolini-Darmon on rationality of Stark-Heegner points over genus fields of real quadratic fields.

Tue Mar 27

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
The Poisson Process and Phylogenetic Trees
Mansi BezbaruahMansi Bezbaruah

A phylogenetic tree is a visual representation of the relationship between different organisms, showing the path through evolutionary time from a common ancestor to different descendants. It is hypothesized that the growth of uniform pure-birth Phylogenetic Trees can be simulated by a Poisson growth. This project is an exploration into the expectations of a Poisson-directed growth of Phylogenetic Trees.

Tue Mar 20

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
How Quick is a Cookie Random Walk?
Owen LevinOwen Levin

Cookie Random Walks are a discrete model for self-interacting random motion. At each time step, the transition probabilities to the next site depend on how many times the walker has visited its current location. In this talk, we will explore the limiting speed of such walks, which is a fancy way of saying the average ratio of the distance from the origin versus the time it took to get there. The goal of this talk is to give intuition for how one might try to analyze this speed starting from basic principles. I will try to assume little to no previous experience with the topics discussed.

Tue Mar 06

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
Grammar Induction: Unsupervised Learning for Natural Language - Canceled
Eishani KumarEishani Kumar

 Language parsers are traditionally are built around a large corpora of marked up text. While they can be generated semi-automatically, treebanks for natural language still must be manually reviewed and thus requires large amounts of time and expertise to create. Grammar induction attempts to find the hierarchical structure of a given language in a unsupervised manner, eliminating the need of this expensive labor. Here we discuss the current research involved in grammar induction, its limitations, and multilingual applications for this technology.

Mon Feb 19

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Vincent Hall 20
Dynamical Systems Seminar - Title: Bifurcations in a Model for Vegetation Patterns
Jasper Weinburd, University of Minnesota

We use bifurcation theory to explore a simple model for migrating vegetation bands as observed on gradual slopes of semi-arid grasslands. Our model reproduces this behavior with minimal complexity and mathematically explains the uphill motion. In our analysis we examine the traveling-wave ODE, which turns out to be a tutorial on classic geometric techniques, despite its simplicity. We will focus on the rich bifurcation diagram that results and mention where one could also use methods such as invariant-region phase plane analysis, geometric blow-up, and singular perturbation theory.

Fri Feb 16

Special Events and Seminars

3:45pm - Tate Hall 101
Nonoverlapping Domain Decomposition Methods for Saddle Point Problems
Xuemin TuXuemin Tu

In this talk, two most popular nonovelapping domain decomposition algorithms will be discussed for solivng a class of saddle point problems arising from mixed finite element or hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin discretizations of partial differential equations. These algorithms reduce the original
saddle point problems to symmetric positive definite problems in a special subspace and therefore the conjugate gradient
methods can be used to accelerate the convergence. The condition numbers for the preconditioned systems are estimated and numerical results are provided to confirm the results.

Tue Feb 13

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
Undergraduate Mathematics Research Seminar - EMD and Chaos
John NguyenJohn Nguyen

We explore the effectiveness of a time series algorithm in studying chaotic systems. First we study the effect of forcing on an oceanic model. After the model exhibits chaotic behavior, our focus will shift towards classical chaotic systems and a method of time series signal decomposition tool called the Hilbert-Huang transform. After analyzing decompositions of systems such as the Duffing oscillator and the Lorenz attractor, we end our discussion with an evaluation of the Hilbert-Huang transform.

Tue Jan 30

Special Events and Seminars

2:30pm - Ford Hall 130
Constraints on the Oceanic Carbon Sink Using Atmospheric Oxygen Data
Julie ShermanJulie Sherman

In this study we develop a simple model of the global carbon-oxygen budget in which we incorporate data from the Scripps Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Programs. Our results are obtained from derivative free optimization techniques, and give minimum sources and sinks necessary to replicate atmospheric observations. We compare our results to large and complex global circulation models.