Topology and Arithmetic Statistics
Topology studies the shape of spaces. Arithmetic statistics studies the behavior of random algebraic objects such as integers and polynomials. I will talk about a circle of ideas connecting these two seemingly unrelated areas. To illuminate the connection, I will focus on three concrete examples: (1) the Burau representation of the braid groups, (2) analytic number theory for effective 0-cycles on a variety, and (3) cohomology of the space of multivariate irreducible polynomials. These projects are parts of a broader research program, with numerous contributions by topologists, algebraic geometers, and number theorists in the past decade, and lead to many future directions yet to be explored.
(PS. This will be a rehearsal of a job talk accessible to the general audience. Any comments or suggestions are appreciated.)