Modular forms on exceptional groups
When G is a reductive (non-compact) Lie group, one can consider automorphic forms for G. These are functions on the locally symmetric space X_G associated to G that satisfy some sort of nice differential equation. When X_G has the structure of a complex manifold, the _modular forms_ for the group G are those automorphic forms that correspond to holomorphic functions on X_G. They possess close ties to arithmetic and algebraic geometry. For certain exceptional Lie groups G, the locally symmetric space X_G is not a complex manifold, yet nevertheless possesses a very special class of automorphic functions that behave similarly to the holomorphic modular forms above. Building upon work of Gan, Gross, Savin, and Wallach, I will define these modular forms and explain what is known about them.